Laminate Construction

How is laminate flooring made?

The (Four) Layers of Laminate Flooring

Laminate is the result of the fusion of four different layers of material into one versatile, durable flooring product. It’s made up of a combination of wood-based materials, typically configured into the following layers:

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  1. A top wear layer that gives each plank a luster and protection from wear, scratches, UV light and stains.
  2. A decorative layer featuring a high-quality, photorealistic printed design. This can technically be anything, but typically features an image of traditional natural flooring materials such as hardwood, stone or ceramic tile.
  3. A high-density core layer that makes up the bulk of the laminate product. This layer is what gives laminate its strength and stability.
  4. A bottom, backing layer that balances the plank or tile and keeps it straight. This layer also seals the board for moisture protection. This layer is often a built-in substitute for underlayment.